Department of Family and Community Medicine, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona USA and the American Medical College of Homeopathy, Phoenix, Arizona USA HRI Research Article Issue 17 Autumn 2012 www.homeoinst.org
The manufacturing process of homeopathic remedies involves trituration (mechanical grinding) and/or succussion (vigorous pounding of solutions in glass containers against a hard surface).
These processes can generate nanoparticles of specific remedy source substances (e.g. metals or plant materials) as well as non-specific nanoparticles of lactose and silica. This paper summarizes the implications of the recent advances in research into the use of nanoparticles in medicine in general, as well as the discovery of nanoparticles in homeopathic remedies for research and clinical applications.
A central challenge for homeopathic researchers is to identify and test a plausible model for what homeopathic remedies are and how they work. Advances in this area are needed both to address political pressure from skeptics and to improve the quality and consistency of clinical outcomes for patients treated with homeopathy. Recent research findings from multiple disciplines now converge to provide a much-needed integrative theoretical framework for homeopathy. The breakthrough discovery is that homeopathic metal and plant remedies contain crude types of nanoparticles, that is, small forms of their source material.
The remedy nanoparticles are objectively demonstrable using sensitive types of electron microscopy to characterize their structure and properties. Additional nano-structures in remedies would arise from trituration of lactose and/or serial dilutions and succussions in ethanol-water solutions within glass containers, generatin silica nanoparticles and crystals.
What are nanoparticles?….read more